Reported cases of sexually transmitted diseases reached a new high in California in 2017, health officials announced on Monday.
According to the California Department of Public Health, more than 300,000 cases of chlamydia, gonorrhea, and syphilis were reported. Released by the California Department of Public Health (CDPH), the data revealed a 45 percent increase in cases compared to data from five years ago.
See the CDPH's breakdown of the data here. Young women made up the majority of chlamydia cases; men accounted for the majority of syphilis and gonorrhea cases. Gonorrhea cases saw a 16 percent increase in the same time frame but affected twice as many men than women.
The report found that there were 30 stillbirths due to congenital syphilis in 2017, with a total of 278 congenital syphilis cases. The officials also say that getting regular STD testing is significant as many people who get infected have no idea about it. As many as 218,710 cases of chlamydia were recorded, marking the highest rate since 1990.
Chlamydia can infect men and women and is transmitted by having vaginal, oral, or anal sex. Symptoms include abnormal discharge and a burning sensation during urination, though these signs may not appear for weeks.
Reported cases of Primary and Secondary Syphilis, for females ages 15-44 has gone down. You can get syphilis by having direct contact with a sore.
If left untreated, chlamydia and gonorrhea can cause pelvic inflammatory disease and lead to infertility, ectopic pregnancy, and chronic pelvic pain, according to the CDPH.
The report shows chlamydia and gonorrhea rates for African-Americans were 5 times higher than for whites.
Experts say syphilis can also cause permanent loss of vision, hearing and other neurologic problems.
A table depicts the number of gonorrhea cases reported in L.A. County from 2012 to 2017.
STDs can cause a number of serious health problems.
Therefore, in order to educate people and spread awareness about the alarming risks of STD, the health officials are now working with schools, community groups as well as youth organisations across California.