She was gifted by the Sultan of Johore in exchange for some Australian animals, and has been in the care of the Perth Zoo since 1968.
The world's oldest known Sumatran orangutan has died in an Australian zoo aged 62, leaving behind 54 descendants.
Puan was put down at Perth Zoo after developing age-related complications. Female orangutans rarely live past the age of 50, and in 2016, she was recognized by the Guinness Book of Records as the oldest verified living Sumatran orangutan in the world.
"Puan is one of the more hard members of our colony to write about - she's not as outgoing as Sekara, as sweet as Utama or as placid as Dinar, but she certainly holds a special place in everyone's hearts, and her legacy is quite simply incredible".
Puan was given to Perth zoo in 1968 and is believed to have been born in Sumatra 1956.
Her genetics count for just under 10 percent of the global captive population.
"Puan was a dignified, elderly lady, she was like working with your grandmother or your great-grandmother", Ms Hart said.Some have even been reintroduced back to the wild on the island of Sumatra.
In an op-ed to the West Australian, zookeeper Martina Hart remembered Puan as "the maker of the most awesome nests, and the lady who took no nonsense from her children over the years, but was also the most nurturing mother we had".
"To look at Puan is to look into the eyes of an animal (and I find even saying "animal" to feel slightly disrespectful) who has seen so much in her lifetime that the mind boggles", she wrote. She was in a zoo environment, but to the end she always maintained her independence.
She leaves two daughters at the zoo, along with four grandchildren and a great-grandson.
According to the World Wildlife Fund, there are only about 14,600 Sumatran orangutans left in the world.
Researchers found that if things continue as they are, by the end of the century primate range will have contracted by 78 per cent in Brazil, 72 per cent in Indonesia, 62 per cent in Madagascar and 32 per cent in the DRC.