The US will begin imposing 25% duties on an additional $16 billion in Chinese imports in two weeks, escalating a trade war between the world's two biggest economies.
The latest U.S. tariffs on 279 products, including motorcycles, speedometers and antennas, will also take effect August 23.
China's trade with the USA also continued to rise in July despite the tariffs, with exports up 11.2 percent year-on-year, and imports increasing 11.1 percent.
Earlier in July, China's State Council released guidelines on expanding imports, promising tariff cuts, clean-ups of unreasonable price mark-ups, and better intellectual property rights protection. President Donald Trump has suggested he may tax effectively all imports of Chinese goods, which reached more than $500 billion previous year.
The top USA trade body said the 25% import taxes would apply to about $16bn (£12b.3bn) of annual imports.
Chinese and U.S. flags are set up for a meeting during a visit by U.S. Secretary of Transportation Elaine Chao at China's Ministry of Transport in Beijing, China April 27, 2018.
Wednesday's Chinese data provide the first readings of the overall trade picture for the world's second-largest economy since U.S duties on $34 billion of Chinese imports came into effect on July 6.
March 1: President Donald Trump announcestariffs on all imports of steel and aluminum, including metals from China.
Some U.S. industries have expressed disappointment at Tuesday's decision. The Trump administration already has a list of $200 billion more in tariffs against China that are under consideration.
China has repeatedly warned it will strike back against any further punitive measures by Trump, saying the United States is threatening the global free trade order with its protectionism. The move appears to wreck the nascent trade deal. The number of categories of goods subject to tariffs rose to 333 from 114 in the June draft, although the total value is unchanged.
United States industries and farmers have been caught in the crossfire, and the Trump administration announced $12 billion in aid to help farmers hurt by Chinese duties on crops such as soybeans.