The list is heavy on industrial products such as steam turbines and iron girders.
In a statement on its official website late on Wednesday, China's commerce ministry criticized the USA move as being "unreasonable", saying it had no choice but to adopt the same measure on an equal amount of American goods ranging from oil and steel products to autos and medical equipment.
China has already retaliated with duties of its own, and has pledged to match the United States dollar-for-dollar with new tariffs, including on the next $16 billion.
On July 6, the USA began taxing the 818 goods, worth $34 billion, remaining from the April list.
The total could increase soon.
Trump has threatened to levy a 25% tariff on an additional $200 billion worth of Chinese imports to the United States - a move that would blow open the disagreement between the countries.
China's surplus with the United States shrank marginally to $28.09 billion last month from a record $28.97 billion. Chinese imports worth $34 billion would be subject to the new 25% tariff as of July 6, with another $16 billion worth of imports subject to the tariff at a later date.China retaliateswith an equivalent set of tariffs. That was off slightly from June's 13.6% rate but still stronger than China's global export growth.
"There is no off-ramp, and Trump has given China little wiggle room to save face and come to the bargaining table", he said. While there's no major risk of the world lapsing into "damaging stagflation", the possibility remains of a "bigger blow-up" that sharply reduces trade, as in the 1930s, it said. Beijing is expected to hit $16 billion worth of United States goods with equal tariffs in response to Tuesday's move. Schneider National Carriers Inc. and other firms testified during a hearing July 24-25 in Washington that there are no USA manufacturers and that the containers are nearly exclusively made in China.
China has responded with retaliatory tariffs of its own. It represents the latest salvo in the ever-expanding trade war between the USA and China. But within days, Trump himself backed away from the deal, saying talks would "probably have to use a different structure".
A first tranche of tariffs, on $34bn worth of goods, went into effect in July.
"We have made the case to the [Trump] administration, in the strongest possible terms, that tariffs imposed on semiconductors imported from China will hurt America's chipmakers, not China's, and will do nothing to stop China's problematic and discriminatory trade practices", SIA's chief executive John Neuffer said.