USA envoy Nikki Haley had said adoption would right a "historic wrong" as the United Nations has not passed such a condemnation. "The U.N. had a chance to do that today, and it failed".
The U.S. attempt to condemn Hamas and demand that the militant group stop firing rockets into Israel, using "airborne incendiary devices" and putting civilians at risk sparked a Palestinian-backed amendment sponsored by Bolivia.
"Before the General Assembly can credibly advocate compromise and reconciliation between the Palestinians and Israel, it must on record, unambiguously and unconditionally, condemn Hamas terrorism", Haley told the body before the vote.
While the majority of the U.N.'s general assembly voted for the resolution Thursday, the United States and outgoing ambassador Nikki Haley were outflanked procedurally, losing a vote beforehand requiring a two-thirds approval for the resolution to pass, instead of a simple majority.
Or the fact that the two-thirds requirement passed by a mere three votes. Similarly, there should be no decision that a two-thirds majority applies now.
There is no difference between Hamas, and Al-Qaida and Boko Haram, he said, adding that as the Jewish people are celebrating Hanukkah, the plurality of Member States of the United Nations has chosen to condemn Hamas.
Noting Hamas' control of Gaza since 2007, she said that Hamas had turned it into a police state with arbitrary arrests and torture of political prisoners.
Haley broke away from her prepared remarks and made an impassioned plea to the Arab states to reach for a breakthrough in a conflict that has stretched seven decades since the founding of Israel.
"I want to take a personal moment, and ask my Arab brothers and sisters: Is the hatred that strong?"
PLO Executive Committee member Hanan Ashrawi welcomed the failure of the resolution, which, she said, "targeted our people, the national movement and the Palestine national struggle".
Israel says it has no choice but to enforce its blockade to defend itself against Hamas, which calls for Israel's destruction and has used Gaza as a base for missile attacks.
That is why Israel's Ambassador at the United Nations, resorted to calling legitimate resistance "evil" in his response.
General Assembly resolutions aren't binding, so the vote has little practical effect.
According to one member of the political bureau of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine, Jamil Mezhir, the result at the United Nations is a strike against the U.S. and Israel who have been trying to "criminalize the Palestinian national resistance". "It tells us what side you are on - the side that does not care about the lives of innocent Israelis and innocent Palestinians who have fallen victim to the terrorists of Hamas".
Sami Abu Zahri, a spokesman for Hamas, the militant group that has ruled the Gaza Strip since 2007, wrote on Twitter after the vote: "The failure of the American venture at the United Nations represents a slap to the USA administration and confirmation of the legitimacy of the resistance".
The Saudi Arabian representative stated that, since 1967, Israel has not respected any General Assembly or Security Council resolutions, whilst Kuwait and Iran's representatives said that the resolution "ignores" and "deflects attention from" the root causes of the conflict.